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  • peterbreheny1Peter Breheny from Derbyshire shoots benchrest rifle.  He has Kennedy's Disease, a progressive wasting condition that has weakened his limbs. 
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  • MattSkelhon1Matt Skelhon shot to fame when he grabbed gold at the Bejiing Paralympic Games and proved it was no fluke by claiming silver and bronze at London 2012.

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  • Di CoatesDeanna (Di) Coates lives in Hampshire, shoots air rifle from a wheelchair, and is one of our most successful disabled international athletes. 
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  • scoutwithprosthesis1This young Scout was born without a left hand.  When he took an interest in shooting, which is very popular in the Scout movement, Hampshire Scouts helped his local club to find a solution. 
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  • michaelwhapples1Michael Whapples from Leicestershire is blind and shoots air rifle.  In 2011 he was the first British shooter ever to compete at the Open European Shooting Championships for the Vision Impaired, held at Nitra, Slovakia. 

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  • vicmorris1Vic Morris lives in south Wales and is paralysed from the neck down as the result of an accident.  With the aid of an 'equaliser' device invented by his coach, John Kelman, Vic shoots pistol and rifle. 
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  • stewartnangle1Stewart Nangle, a Lancastrian, is pictured shooting .22 pistol.  What the photograph does not show is that at the time one of his legs was fitted with a metal frame that was bolted into the bones. 
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For rifle and pistol shooters there are rules at domestic and international level about what they are permitted to do by way of correcting vision problems, or enhancing their vision for aiming. 

In all disciplines covered by the NSRA, shooters can seek a dispensation allowing them to use equipment which is normally outside the rules, if that is necessary to allow them to participate in their chosen discipline.  For more information about this see the section on NSRA Dispensations.

Small-bore and full-bore rifle shooters who have vision problems are allowed to use various devices which are either worn by themselves or fixed to the rifle, to help them see well enough to aim. 

Pistol shooters are allowed to use shooting glasses, but are not permitted to attach any vision-correcting or enhancing items to the pistol. 

All of the rules mentioned here can be downloaded from the relevant organisations’ websites, links to which can be found in our Other Sites section.


National Rifle Association (NRA) rules

The actual text of the relevant rules from the Bisley Bible is set out below.  The provisions can be summarised as follows:

  • A prescription corrective lens is allowed, either worn by the shooter (in everyday glasses or special shooting spectacles) or mounted in/on the rearsight.
  • A dioptre can be fitted to the rearsight. 
  • An Eagle Eye is allowed in the foresight but NOT in conjunction with magnification in the rearsight; however, it can be used in conjunction with a prescription lens.

Target Rifle

Backsight:  A variable dioptre eye-piece or single correcting lens may be used (but see paragraphs 206 and 207).  One or more optically-flat filters may also be used in front of or in the rear of the aperture.  A flexible disc or eyecup may be used.  In addition, a piece of flat material or a blinder may be fitted to the backsight to restrict the vision of the disengaged eye.

Foresight:  Any type which may contain a single clear or coloured magnifying lens which has a minimum focal length of 2 metres (0.5 dioptre), but see paragraphs 206 and 207.  It may also contain optically-flat clear or coloured element(s).

Match Rifle
NRA Benchrest
F Class

Sights:  Any, including magnifying or telescope.

Shooter’s equipment:

Rule 206 - Spectacles, eyeglasses or contact lenses may be used, and/or a prescription lens may be fitted in the backsight, provided that the correction is of a similar prescription to that which the competitor would use in everyday use.  Permission to use such a lens, supported by a current optometrist’s prescription, must be obtained in advance from the NRA.

Rule 207 - In Target Rifle (see above), a magnifying lens is permitted in the foresight.  If a magnifying lens is fitted in the foresight then only optically-flat filters and/or a single prescription lens may be fitted in the backsight (see Target Rifle above, and paragraph 206).


Running Deer

This is the full-bore moving target discipline – see the British Sporting Rifle Club for details and rules.

National Small-bore Rifle Association (NSRA) rules

Basically, these are the same as the NRA rules set out above.  In addition, there is the over-riding provision that a dispensation may be granted for options not normally allowed, if a shooter has an eye condition that means it is the only way he/she can participate.

Telescopic sights are permitted in the following disciplines governed by the NSRA:

  • Small-bore Rifle “Any Sights” competitions
  • Small-bore and Airgun Benchrest – see UKBR22 website for details and rules.
  • Field Target – see BFTA website for details and rules.
  • Moving Target (.22 and air) – see British Sporting Rifle Club for details and rules.
  • Running Boar (.22 and air) - ditto


International Shooting Sports Federation (ISSF) Rules
Adopted by the International Paralympic Committee (IPC)

These rules apply to international competitions for Paralympic disciplines, and for some domestic competitions, such as the NSRA’s British Airgun and 50-metre Championships. 

The actual text of the rules (which can be downloaded from the ISSF) is set out below in italics.  The rules for rifle shooters can be summarised as follows:

  1. Any corrective lenses or devices must be worn by the shooter, not attached to the rifle. 
  2. Nothing that magnifies the target image is permitted (except in Moving Target, where telescopic sights are used) - so Eagle Eyes are not allowed. 
  3. Tinted/polarised filters, an eye blinder and a prism/periscope can all be attached to the rifle sights.

Pistol -

  • Correcting lenses and/or filters must not be attached to the pistol.
  • Corrective lenses or eyeglasses and/or filters or tinted lenses may be worn by the athlete.

Rifle -

  • Correcting lenses and telescopes must not be attached to the rifle.
  • Corrective lenses or eyeglasses, and/or filters or tinted lenses, may be worn by the athlete.
  • Any sight not containing a lens or system of lenses or other means of optical enhancement is permitted, except that light or polarizing filters may be fitted to the front or rear sight, or both.
  • A blinder may be attached to the rifle or to the rearsight.  The blinder must not be more than 30mm deep (A) nor extend further than 100mm (B) from the centre of the rearsight aperture on the side of the non-aiming eye.  A blinder must not be used on the side of the aiming eye.

ISSF Rearsight blinder pic - Rule W

  • A prism or mirror device may be used when shooting from the right shoulder while aiming with the left eye, providing it does not have a magnifying lens or lenses.  It must not be used when shooting from the right shoulder when using the right eye.  



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